Writing Argumentative Essays

Writing conclusions to argumentative essays

Conclusions are just as important as introductions. The conclusion closes the essay and tries to close the issue. The aim is to convince the reader that your essay has covered all the most important arguments about the issue and that your main premise is the best position on the issue. You should not present any new arguments in your conclusion.

Many students find it difficult to write a conclusion. By this time they may have done so much work on the body of the essay that they just want to finish the essay off as quickly as possible and so they write a rushed and badly written conclusion. But the conclusion is the last part of the essay that your reader will see. Spend some time on carefully writing the conclsuion so that you give your reader a good final impression of your essay.

Lets look again at the conclusion from the model essay on Marine Parks:

In conclusion, these parks should be closed, or at the very least, no new animals should be captured for marine parks in the future. Our society is no longer prepared to tolerate unnecessary cruelty to animals for science and entertainment. If we continue with our past crimes against these creatures we will be remembered as cruel and inhuman by the generations of the future.

Task 1: The three parts of a conclusion
A simple introduction to an argumentative assignment has three parts. Read the following description of the parts. Then circle the sentences in the conclusion above which cover each part and write the number for each part in the margin next to it, e.g. for the first part draw a circle around the sentence(s) that restate(s) the main premise and write "1" in the margin next to it.

The three parts to a conclusion:

1. Restates the main premise
2. Presents one or two general sentences which accurately summarise your arguments which support the main premise
3. Provides a general warning of the consequences of not following the premise that you put forward and/or a general statement of how the community will benefit from following that premise

Check your answer here

Task 2: Ordering sentences in a conclusion
Now put the following sentences into the correct order. They make up the conclusion to another argumentative essay. The main premise of this essay is that the government should spend more money on childcare places for the children of parents who study or work.

a. If we fail to meet our obligations in this area, we will be sacrificing our present and future well-being merely in order to appease out-dated notions of family life and to achieve short-term financial savings.
b. In conclusion, it is essential that we support the nation's parents and children by funding more childcare places.
c. Only in this way can we provide the valuable learning environments that young Australians need while, at the same time, utilising the skills of all productive members of our society.
d. The entire national community will then be enriched economically, socially and culturally.

Check your answer here

Task 3: The three parts of a conclusion (again)
Print out the answer to task 2. Then circle the sentences which cover each of the three parts of argumentative essay conclusions and write the number for each part in the margin next to it, just as you did for the conclusion to the marine parks essay in Task 1.

Check your answer here

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